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Sleep Paralysis, Causes and Treatment

Why Is Sleep Important for the Human Body?

Sleep is an important part of our body’s ability to repair itself and repair itself. It is when the body rests at night when the regeneration of damaged cells takes place. The body moves in REM or Rapid Eye Movement cycles and NREM or Non-Rapid Eye Movement sleep. The body changes in these two circuits at least four to six times during the night. Each phase usually takes about 90 minutes to complete.

What are Sleep Disorders?

Sometimes when people wake up, they can’t move. Some may be able to open their eyes but not be able to speak. They are fully aware of their surroundings but are completely paralyzed as their muscles refuse to respond to them. For those who can’t even open their eyes, it can be very scary. They may have negative thoughts about having a cruel presence in the room with them. This state of motion can last for an average of two minutes.

What Causes Sleep Disorders?

The reason the muscles do not move is that dreams occur when the body goes through a REM sleep state. These vivid and vivid images can cause dreamers to drift off to sleep, and perhaps even injure themselves. This is why the brain sends a message to neurons to block organs. If a dreamer wakes up before the end of the 90-minute REM cycle, paralysis occurs until the second set of brain guidelines relaxes the muscles. There is no supernatural influence on ghosts, ghosts or witchcraft after sleep deprivation.

How to Get Sleep Disorders?

Individual cases of sleep disorders are found by most people in the world. These do not have a negative impact on physical health or sleep quality. Such episodes of sleep apnea may occur after waking up or just before a person falls asleep. Most people with sleep disorders are accustomed to this condition. However, should a person be concerned about this condition, visiting a health care provider for a formal diagnosis and advice on how to manage it can be helpful.

Are Sleep Disorders a Danger?

Although a few minutes of disability may be an unpleasant experience, a sleep disorder is not a natural risk to a person’s health. Often sleep disorders are caused by other underlying causes such as narcolepsy, sleep apnea, anxiety, depression, panic attacks, insomnia, or post-traumatic stress disorder. It is important to find the real cause of sleep disorders, if any, and treat them, in order to improve a person’s health.

Can Sleep Disorders Be Prevented?

There are several reasons for sleep disorders. Once these causes are removed, more people will begin to experience a decrease in episodes of sleep disorders. Eventually the situation may disappear altogether. Those with mental health problems and sleep disorders may benefit from appropriate care and medication to address the underlying psychological problem. It is important to remember that certain medications also cause sleep disorders.

How to Deal With Sleep Disorders

A good night’s sleep is the best way to avoid sleep deprivation, as such an episode is started by a person waking up before completing a REM sleep cycle cycle. Many people suffer from insomnia and this causes them to experience episodes of sleep disorders. Here are some ways to have a good night’s rest.

Make sure the bedroom is free of clutter, and that the bed has a comfortable mattress. The room should have a cool temperature so that the sleeper is not too cold or too warm. Keep the quilts and cover by hand and easily accessible to the bed so you don’t have to get up and hunt at night.

The bed should only be for sleeping. One should not lie in bed reading or playing games or using digital media. The idea is to associate being on the couch with a cool night’s sleep. All you have to do in bed without sleeping is to lie down and meditate and close your eyes. This may help in getting a deeper, more relaxed sleep.

Make sure you go to bed and get up at the same time every day. Weekends often play havoc in the normal way. This interferes with a person’s sleep pattern and may result in sleep deprivation.

Limit the use of addictive substances such as cigarettes, alcohol, coffee, etc., and stand at least an hour before bedtime. The chemicals in these substances will not have a significant effect on your sleep patterns if they are properly placed before bed and if you make sure you are full of water before bed.

How are sleep disorders diagnosed?

No medical examination is required for the diagnosis of sleep apnea.

Your doctor will ask you about your sleep patterns and medical history. They may also ask you to keep a sleep diary, recording your information during episodes of sleep disorders.

In some cases, your doctor may recommend that you participate in a nightly sleep test to monitor your brain waves and breathing during sleep. This is usually recommended only if sleep deprivation causes you to lose sleep.

How to treat sleep disorders?

Symptoms of sleep disturbances are usually resolved within a matter of minutes and do not cause permanent physical effects or trauma. However, the experience can be confusing and frightening.

  • Sleep disorders that occur in isolation do not usually require medical attention. But those with symptoms of narcolepsy should consult a physician. This is especially important when symptoms interfere with work and home life.
  • Your doctor may prescribe medication to help control your sleep disorder if narcolepsy is a major cause.
  • Medications are usually given by stimulants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as fluoxetine (Prozac). Motivations help you to stay awake
  • SSRIs help to manage the symptoms associated with narcolepsy.
  • Your doctor may order a sleep study called polysomnography.

Research results will help your doctor identify you, if you have trouble sleeping and other symptoms of narcolepsy. This type of study requires staying up all night in a hospital or in a dormitory.

In this study, a health care provider will place electrodes on your chin, scalp, and end of your eyelids. Electrodes measure the electrical activity of your muscles and brain waves.

They will also monitor your breathing and heart rate. In some cases, the camera will record your movements during sleep.

Vaidya believes that the key to reducing sleep apnea improves sleep hygiene by adhering to a good sleep routine, which includes:

to avoid blue light before bedtime

to ensure that the room temperature is kept low

These sleep patterns can help ensure you get a better night’s rest.

How can I avoid sleep deprivation?

You can reduce the symptoms or the frequency of episodes with a few simple lifestyle changes, such as:

  • Reduce stress in your life.
  • Exercise regularly but not near bedtime.
  • Get enough rest.
  • Maintain a regular sleep schedule.
  • Keep track of the medications you take in any situation.
  • Know the side effects and interactions of your different medications to avoid possible side effects, including sleep disorders.
  • Lie on your side and avoid lying on your back.
  • Vaidya notes that following these tips can help prevent sleep disorders:


  • trauma counseling
  • yoga and breathing exercises to restore this sense of function in your body
  • If you have mental health problems, such as anxiety or depression, taking antidepressant may reduce episodes of sleep disorders.

Antidepressants can help reduce the number of dreams you have, and reduce sleep impairment.

Sleep disorders and narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that causes excessive daytime sleepiness and unexpected sleep attacks. Most people with narcolepsy may have trouble staying awake for long, regardless of their condition or circumstances.

Another symptom of narcolepsy can be sleep disorders, however not everyone who experiences sleep disorders has narcolepsy.

According to a 2013 study, Reliable Source, another way to distinguish between sleep disorders and narcolepsy is that sleep disorders are more common when you wake up, while narcolepsy attacks are more common when you sleep.

Although there is no cure for this incurable disease, many symptoms can be managed by changing lifestyle and medication.

How common are sleep disorders?

The 2011 Reliable Source concluded that 7.6 percent of the general population experienced at least one episode of sleep disorders. The numbers were significantly higher for students (28.3 percent) and psychiatric patients.

Why do some people call it ‘old hag’ syndrome?

Sleep disorders are almost universal. People in cultures around the world have used their own legends to describe this phenomenon.

In Newfoundland, Canada, people traditionally call it the “old hag” because it resembles a witch sitting on a chest.

According to the same Nigerian tradition, a female demon boils in the middle of your dreams and makes you stagnant.

In Japan, sleep apnea is described as a spirit that seeks revenge by squeezing it into your sleep.

In Brazil, on the other hand, a robber with a roof over his head, Pisadeira, attacked those lying on their backs with their bellies full.

In a 1781 painting entitled “The Nightmare,” Swiss-English painter Henry Fuseli depicted a young woman lying on her bed with a gremlin wrapped around her belly.

These different types of cultural presentations all have the same feature: fear.

That is because people find it frightening to be unable to move or speak, especially when it is accompanied by a clear feeling that someone or something is preventing you from breaking up.

So what happens biologically when a person has a sleep disorder?

Your body receives several cycles as you sleep. The most popular of these cycles is called rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.

During REM sleep, you may be dreaming. To prevent you from making your dreams come true, your brain releases neurotransmitters that block some of your skeletal muscle groups.

Disability sometimes prevents you from speaking or shouting. As REM sleep decreases, your brain regenerates your muscles. Sometimes, however, the timing of the wake cycle is inconsistent.

In the space between waking and sleeping, your mind wakes up while your body can no longer move. Some of the visuals and visions of your dreams may still be playing out – which is why the ideas are not there.

What you can do about it

There are a few things you can do to help reduce your chances of experiencing sleep deprivation.

Get used to good sleep hygiene

To improve your overall sleep quality, try the following healthy sleep tips:

  • exercise, but not too close to bedtime
  • avoid eating large meals near bedtime
  • reduce alcohol and caffeinated beverages
  • limit screen time
  • follow a regular sleep routine
  • keep your bedroom cool and quiet

Consider cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioral therapy (CBT) may help you to deal with sleep disturbances, give you a sense of control of unpleasant emotions and physical discomfort.

Many people who try this method work with a therapist. They may recommend the following steps:

Write down your sleep disability episodes in the sleep journal.

  • Work with your therapist to make sure you have learned about sleep disorders and the type of vision you have.
  • Practice small movements (such as finger movements) that you can use to interrupt the episode.
  • Practice diaphragmatic breathing, continuous muscle relaxation, distraction, and calm speech that you can use to interrupt the episode.

Try meditating on muscle relaxation treatments

Sleep researcher Baland Jala recommends variations in CBT to disrupt or stop the episode. His procedure is as follows:

  1. When the episode begins, rearrange it. With your eyes closed, remind yourself that sleep deprivation is harmless and temporary.
  2. To ward off fear, repeat to yourself that anxiety is unnecessary and may make the episode last longer.
  3. Focus on the picture of the good, you can ignore any guesses.
  4. Carefully relax your muscles.

Ask your doctor about antidepressants

If you have sleep disturbances so often that it affects your ability to work during the day, or if episodes cause severe anxiety, your doctor may prescribe over-the-counter medications.

Low doses of these drugs have been effective in relieving sleep disorders in some people.

Researchers recommend that these drugs be used in addition to CBT.

When to see a doctor about it

It is a good idea to get help from a health professional if you:

  • has symptoms of narcolepsy
  • has symptoms of dementia
  • you have frequent sleep apnea
  • Anxiety about sleep disorders makes you afraid to go to bed

If your doctor needs more information about your sleep disorder, a study at a local hospital or sleep center may be helpful.


During sleep deprivation, a person is awake and conscious, but unable to move his body. This occurs when the human mind and body do not align when sleeping or waking.

During a sleep disorder, a person may have auditory, visual, and sensory perceptions.

Most people will experience sleep deprivation only once or twice in their lifetime. However, people with narcolepsy and other sleep disorders are at higher risk.

There is no cure for sleep disorders, and it is not a medical emergency. However, the episodes can cause a lot of stress.

Manuel Santibenez
Manuel Santibenez is the Editor and Publisher of Daily Gist Hub. A native of Kwara state and a Christian by faith. He bagged his Diploma Certificate in Public Administration at the Ogun State Institute Of Technology Igbesa. His networth is estimated around $50k
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